The first time. . . Kazakhstan
Member of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage Committee
By Ziad Salem Al-Aqeel
over the next four years, Kazakh specialists will participate in the work of the International Committee for the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO. Kazakhstan won the elections held on June 4-6, 2018 in Paris during the seventh session of the General Assembly of the Member States of the Convention on the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Kazakhstan received 98 votes out of 156 votes. Some delegates who voted in favor of Kazakhstan pointed to the high professionalism of Kazakh experts working for the Kazakh National Committee for UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), ISESCO (Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) , who are working to spread the customs and traditions and culture of Kazakh the rich, especially as Kazakhstan is also a member of the Advisory Council for the development of culture in the Islamic world of the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).
Since its independence in the early nineties of the last century, Kazakhstan has been able to regain its Islamic identity, and established itself an active role in the Islamic world, which made it the presidency of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in 2011.
Kazakhstan has gotten its culture and its wealth of richness diversity in the country. Among the world's 2,000 ethnic and religious nations, Kazakhstan has 130 ethnic groups. Therefore, the culture of openness and tolerance in Kazakhstan comes in many ways. The great cultural depth of the Kazakh people comes first, Has inspired and inspired the state of development and progress that the country has undergone since independence.
The nature of the vast Kazakhstan was a fertile environment for the Kazakh talents that were created in various aspects of intellectual, literary and cultural creativity. These talents formed the social peculiarity of the Kazakh nation, and competed with the wise men, writers and scientists in the Kazakh cultural heritage industry.
Islam arrived in Kazakhstan in the eighth century AD when the Arabs opened the country of Central Asia where it is estimated that the proportion of Muslims in Kazakhstan up to 70% and most of the Sunnis on the Hanafi school, and the work to spread Kazakh culture in the modern world is an important part of the program of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev's "Modernization of Consciousness", announced on April 12, 2017, also known as the "Third Update", comes after political reform and economic modernization.
Kazakhstan witnessed an important cultural event represented by President Nazarbayev's "Cultural Heritage" program on 4 April 2003, which included the implementation of a number of programs:
1. Establish a complete system to study the vast heritage of the Kazakh nation, including the heritage of modern national culture, folklore, customs and traditions.
2 - Work on the revival of historical monuments, cultural and architectural great importance for national history.
3. Dissemination of the great heritage of national literature, the written heritage, the production of works of art and science, and biographical versions.
4 - Establishment of an integrated balance in the Kazakh language of human sciences based on the best achievements of scientific thought, culture and world literature.
The cultural composition of Kazakhstan is a rich tapestry derived from various sources. The essence of Kazakh culture comes from their nomadic lifestyle. The Bedouin way of life, including traditional dwellings, is still very important. The tent is made of sheep wool and camels weber which called (keezaway). Is still used as a home and is an important heritage of the Kazakhs where the traditional residence of the Bedouins.
The Kazakhs have built their homes, which are unique in human civilization, and they demonstrate the high skill of their makers. it summarizes all the lives of Kazakh nomads, where the child is born in the tent and serves as the cradle that embraces him. When he reaches adulthood, His father builds him white tent, "Ak Otau", is the home for new grooms, and nomads feel free only in this tent.
Kazakh culture has been heavily influenced by its neighbors, including China and Russia, and has been influenced by Turkish cultures. The Turkish folklore is associated with legends, tales, proverbs, wisdom and poetry about great epic tournaments and works. The fictional literature of the folk arts and the earliest examples of fine art related to the Stone Age , Which are embodied in the Karato and Cantao Mountains in the form of animals carved on rocks.
Old tripe’s has concerned with the art and decoration of its carpets during period from the 5th to the 7th century, contemporary forms of Kazakh carpets were created. During the period from the 8th century to the 12th century, many types of art were developed in the cities of Yasi, Oterar, Seganak , Sairam, Kulan, Merki, Balajajan "where the pottery used to save water Where pottery was used to store water, scenes of life were photographed and different colors were used in the "black, brown, yellow, and red" paint. Leather and metal products were decorated with various national heritage and exterior walls, The domes in different forms are characterized by their charming beauty.
in Kazakhstan, the best known examples of national art were used in Kazakhstan from ancient times until now, decorated in harmonious colors and exquisite decoration. They were furnished with carpets and cupboards. The outer layers were decorated with leather products and jewelry. The use of gold and silk threads , And in the 19th century there were pictures of the Russian artists who visited Kazakhstan and photographed the lives of its inhabitants.
We cannot speak about the culture of Kazakhstan without addressing the Kazakh language spoken by the people of Kazakhstan. It is the official language of the country. It is one of the most striking languages in the country, which is characterized by the harmony of the phonetic and phonetic alphabet in Central Asia, Eastern Europe and China. Turkish in terms of the number of speakers after the Turkish language, Azeri and Uzbek, where speakers are 7% of the total population speaking Turkish dialects.
In 2015 the city of Almaty was chosen as the capital of Islamic culture. It is the capital of Islamic culture. It is located in the center of Almaty, one of the most beautiful mosques in Kazakhstan. It was constructed in accordance with the Timorese architecture and completed in 1999.
the city is a cultural capital of Kazakhstan, with 20 theaters, 53 museums, art galleries, 18 movie theaters, 25 libraries and other well-functioning cultural facilities. Almaty now has 278 kindergartens, 227 public education schools and more than 40 higher education institutions and more than 159 health facilities. The city has about 146 historical and architectural monuments, including 16 archeological sites, 86 architectural masterpieces and 44 works of art.
After that, it is no surprise that the Republic of Kazakhstan enjoys the great trust of the General Assembly of Member States in the Convention for the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage!
We are confident that the work of the Kazakh experts and specialists in the International Committee for the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage will help to strengthen Kazakhstan's capabilities and expertise in this field and will contribute effectively to the development of activities for the protection of cultural heritage both theoretically and practically.